Ramadan is the month in which the Holy Quran was sent down. The Quran as a guide to mankind, also clear (signs) for guidance and judgment (Between right and wrong), so every one of you who is present (at his home) during that month should spend it in fasting but if anyone is ill or on journey, the prescribed period (should be made up) by days later. Allah intends every facility for you. He does not want to put you to difficulties (He wants you) to complete the prescribed period and to glorify Him in that He has guided you. And perchance ye shall be grateful.. Quran surah Al Baqrah.185
Ramadan is the 4th pillar of Islam among 5 which is regarded a frame work of Muslim life, a criteria or a lifeline where all Muslims believe in, the 5 pillars characteristics are
The second 10 days is known as Salvation or Maqfirah - The Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) has said: Ramadan is the month, whose beginning is mercy, its middle, forgiveness and its end, emancipation from the fire (of hell) — Bihar al-Anwar, Vol.: 93, Pg.: 342
The second phase of Ramadan is the time for Maghfirah where the fasting person seeks Forgiveness and Repentance. Having witnessed the Mercy of Allah by thanking Him for all that He has granted us, by being good to everyone and keeping ourselves at peace.
We should realize our relationship with our Creator or the Custodian of the Universe and our role and duties towards Him. This is the time when Allah’s Mercy is at its peak, and it is best to utilize this opportunity by imploring Allah to forgive our sins.
The Prophet said “Do repent in this month to Allah for your sins, and supplicate with raised hands at the time of prayer as these are the best times, during which Allah Al-Mighty looks at his servants with mercy. Allah answers if they supplicate, responds if they call, grants if He is asked, and accepts if they entreat.
O People! You have made your conscience the slave of your desires. Make it free by invoking Allah for forgiveness. Your back may break from the heavy load of your sins, so prostrate (sajda) yourself before Allah, for long intervals, and make this load lighter.”
Ramadan last 10 days is known as Najaat or Emancipation - Saving from Hell - Praying in the last ten days of Ramadan takes us with more closeness with Allah. Al-Bukhari & Muslim quote from ‘Aisha that during the last ten days of Ramadan, the Messenger of Allah would wake his wives up during the night and then remain apart from them (that is, being busy in acts of worship). Further narration in Muslim says “He would strive (to do acts of worship) during the last ten days of Ramadan more than he would at any other time.”
Aisha (wife of Muhammad peace be upon him) reported that with the start of the last ten days of Ramadan, the Prophet used to tighten his waist belt (i.e. work hard) and used to pray all the night, and used to keep his family awake for the prayers. Bukhari
I`tikaf, dedication to Al mighty Allah, secluding & isolating from materialistic world or suspending the race of gold and glory & associating (whole heatedly) in physical (with the only Creator Allah) staying in the masjid/ mosque with the intention of becoming closer to Allah. This was the practise of the Prophet, during the last ten days of Ramadan especially. He would do it during other months as well.
Ramadan in its last ten days also brings ‘a powerful night – Allah says “We have indeed revealed This (Message) In the night of Power. And what will explain To Thee what the Night Of Power; The night of power is better than A Thousand Months - Therein come down The angles and the Sprit by God’s permission, On every errand – Peace until the rise of morning.. Al Qadar.
‘Aisha reported that the Messenger of Allah (pbuh0 used to practice I`tikaf in the last ten nights of Ramadan and used to say, “Look for the Night of Qadar in the last ten nights of the month of Ramadan” Bukhari
“Verily! We have sent it (this Qur’an) down in the Night of Decree (Lailatul-Qadr). And what will make you know what the Night of Decree is? The Night of Decree is better than a thousand months. Therein descend the angels and the Rooh (i.e. Jibreel [Gabriel]) by Allaah’s Permission with all Decrees, Peace! until the appearance of dawn.” [97:1-5]
Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet (pbuh) said” The blessed month has come to you. Allah has made fasting during it obligatory upon you. During it the gates to Paradise are opened and the gates of Hellfire are locked, and the devils are chained. There is a night during this month which is better than a thousand months. Whoever is deprived of its good is really deprived of something great. Ahmad, an-Nisa'i and al-Bayhaqi
We pray All Mighty Allah the Most Gracious & Most Merciful to bless us this Ramadan by witnessing Laylatul-Qadr, give us courage and strength to perform all obligatory duties mandated in Quran and Sunnah.. Praise be to Allah – The Cherisher and Sustainer of the Worlds.