Nov 18, 2018

U-Turn in politics is valid & politician enjoys it!

A decision to reverse earlier decision & it is crying need of the day, so U-turn can be taken and is taken by Political leaders.

In practicality U-turn plays pivotal and vital role, it impacts while underscoring & emphasizing working strategy for any project, any plan and implementation thereof.

In America it is called "flip-flop" but in UK, Ireland, Pakistan it is termed as U-turn and in Australia and New Zealand known as Backflip.

It is a sudden real or apparent change of policy or opinion by a public official, sometimes while trying to claim that both positions are consistent with each other.

Often it will occur during the period prior to or following an election in order to maximize the candidate's popularity or formulating policy and procedure for the country.

Non-political use: Outside politics the use of U-turn is not termed as pejorative, uncomplimentary, disadvantageous, and unpleasant. It means in outside politics it is also appreciative 

A scientist or mathematician can often obtain some experimental results or logical proofs which causes one to flip flop on a previously held belief.

The politician scrolling himself, considering merits and demerits & impending situations relevant to the plan in hand or while formulating policy and procedure, traveling around in a given situation and eventually arriving at a point where he sees the things appropriate and profitable then closes further scroll.

Rigidity & inflexibly goes against the plan, so U- turn gives an opportunity to look the thing in real perspective, afterthought and forethought & then decisive action.

It is a probability where the ball is rolled horizontally & vertically then a marginal points is achieved where the politician feels satisfied so it becomes only possible when U-turn as a tool is used.

It signifies ‘’as a change in someone opinion’’, to alternate back and forth between directly opposite opinion, ideas or decision.

It does not attract any repercussion or backlash or any bad feeling but a changed behavior in decision making.

The following situation similar to our politicians who change their ownership from party to another [whatever may the reason]

In the archives of The New York Times, which go back to 1851, the earliest unequivocal mention of "flip-flop" as a change in someone's opinion is in an October 23, 1890, report of a campaign speech in New York City. John W. Goff, candidate for district attorney, said of one of his opponents: 

"I would like to hear Mr. Nicoll explain his great flip-flop, for three years ago, you know, as the Republican candidate for District Attorney, he bitterly denounced Tammany as a party run by bosses and in the interest of bossism.... Nicoll, who three years ago was denouncing Tammany, is its candidate to-day.
The term was also used in 1967, when a New York Times editorial and Times columnist Tom Wicker used it in commenting on different  events. It was also in the 1976 election, when President Gerald Ford used the phrase against his opponent Jimmy Carter

In the 1988 U.S. presidential election, Michael Dukakis used the term against opponent Richard Gephardt, saying, "There's a flip-flopper over here" about Gephardt.

The term also was used extensively in the 2004 U.S. presidential election campaign. It was used by critics as a catch-phrase attack on John Kerry, claiming he was "flip-flopping" his stance on several issues, including the ongoing war in Iraq.

Famously, on March 16, 2004, during an appearance at Marshall University Kerry tried to explain his vote for an $87 billion supplemental appropriation for military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan by telling the crowd, "I actually did vote for the $87 billion, before I voted against it."

After the remark became controversial, he explained that he had supported an earlier Democratic measure that would have paid for the $87 billion in war funding by reducing Bush's tax cuts.

FactCheck stated that "Kerry has never wavered from his support for giving Bush authority to use force in Iraq, nor has he changed his position that he, as President, would not have gone to war without greater international support.

The term "U-turn" in the United Kingdom was famously applied to Edward Heath, the prime minister of the United Kingdom from 1970 to 1974. 

Prior to the 1970 general election, the Conservative Party compiled a manifesto that highlighted free-market economic policies. Heath abandoned such policies when his government nationalised Rolls-Royce (hence the actual "U-turn"). 

The Conservative government was later attacked for such a move because nationalisation was seen (by the Thatcher era) as antithetical to Conservative beliefs.

This later led to one of Margaret Thatcher's most famous phrases: "you turn [U-turn] if you want to. The lady's not for turning". The Conservatives would adopt the free market under her.

The circumstances surrounding the flip-flop and its larger context can be crucial factors in whether or not a politician is hurt or helped more by a change in position. "Long hailed as a conservative champion, Ronald Reagan could shrug off his support of a tax increase in 1982 to curb the budget deficits his 1981 tax cut had exacerbated,"

According to an analysis of flip-flopping in The New York Times. "Long suspect on the Republican right, George [H. W.] Bush faced a crippling 1992 primary challenge after abandoning his 'no new taxes' campaign pledge in the White House.

Kerry's perceived equivocation on the Iraq war damaged his 2004 campaign, according to both Democratic and Republican political operatives. "It spoke to a pattern of calculation and indecisiveness that make him look like a weak commander in chief compared to [George W.] Bush", said Jonathan Prince, a strategist for 2008 presidential candidate John Edwards, Kerry's running mate in 2004.

In the 2008 primary season, Edwards simply stated that "I was wrong" when he had voted in the U.S. Senate to authorize the Iraq War. "Progressives loved it because it was taking responsibility, not abdicating it," according to Prince
United States commentator Jim Geraghty has written that politicians need to be allowed some leeway in changing their minds as the result of changing conditions. "I actually think that a candidate can even change his position in response to a changing political environment, as long as they're honest about it.
'The votes just aren't there, public support isn't there, so I have to put this proposal on the back burner for a while,' is a perfectly legitimate response to a difficult position."

There is a difference between changing your policy position and breaking a promise," John Dickerson, wrote in Slate online magazine. "Breaking a promise is a problem of a higher order than changing a policy position. Our mothers told us not to break promises......Source Wikipedia Flip-Flop politics

Nov 11, 2018

How Bureaucracy looting Govt. of Pakistan?

living in paradise at the ground - not paying from own pocket but from National Treasury, a net loss to the govt.

What a shameful act of Bureaucrats who are using scale of govt. properties across the province in Pakistan and its cost impacting directly to ‘’national treasury’’ truly immodest and immoral they are, Said the political analyst.

And it is more brazen, offensive & shocking that PML-N & PPP kept their eyes shut during their tenure, certainly for their own cause to win in the election.

And it is vivid of course that why not you will win the election if you give them spacious well-furnished Bungalows stretched on scale of Kanals along with housekeeping, regular repairing and maintenance support i.e. renovation and refurbishment in addition to ‘’handsome salaries and perk’’ with no burden on their pocket but national treasury.

However Supreme Court Pakistan has taken notice of huge ‘’Government Residences’’ occupied by officers of different departments.

Supreme Court must find out that since how long they are living in these Mansions and Bungalows? And its recovery so far came on the shoulder of ‘’national kitty’’ must be recovered from PML-N Nawaz Shareef and PPP Asif Ali Zardari who deliberately fostered & fed these Bureaucrats making the national treasury vulnerable.

These Government Residences are located in upscale areas of major cities across the country and the Chief justice has called reports from the provincial Chief Secretaries within 10 days.

The Sargodha Commissioner House the largest Govt. Residence Bungalows spread over 104 Kanals is under use of 
Bureaucrats & Senior Police Officers where 33 staff members have been deployed for its maintenance and security.

The Mansion of the Sahiwal Senior Superintendents of Police which is spread over 98 Kanals are under his custody.

Residences of DCOs of Mianwali 95 Kanals

Faisalabad area 92 kanals.

Millions are spent annually on the maintenance and security of the Government Residences spread over an area of 2,600 Kanals across Punjab alone where almost 30,000 government and private employees have been deployed at these Residences & the entire expenses are borne by the government.

If sold, these properties can fetch Billions of rupees

The Federal Cabinet in its first meeting had considered a proposal to hand over Government Properties and Buildings to the Privatization Commission for their sale to investors.

The government has divided its properties and buildings into three categories which included assets that would be privatized, leased and outsourced.

Total area of Official Residences of just 7 DIGs and 32 SSPs consisting on 860 Kanals

Gujranwala DIG’s residence is spread over 70 Kanals

Sargodha DIG 40 Kanals

Rawalpindi DIG, Faisalabad DIG and Dera Ghazi Khan DIG 20 Kanals each

Multan DIG 18 Kanals and

Lahore DIG 15 Kanals

Mianwali SSP has the largest residence among the SSPs with an area of 70 Kanals

Rajanpur SSP 37 Kanals,

Sheikhupura and Bahawalnagar SSPs 32 Kanals each

Attock SSP 29 Kanals

Gujranwala SSP 25 Kanals

Rahim Yar Khan SSP 22 Kanals

Vehari and Kasur SSPs 20 Kanals each

Jhang SSP 18 Kanals

Khanewal and Bahawalpur SSPs 15 Kanals each

Pakpattan SSP 14 Kanals

Multan SSP 13 Kanals

Hafizabad, Chakwal and Narowal SSPs 10 Kanals each

Sialkot SSP 9 Kanals

Gujarat and Bhakkar SSPs 8 Kanals each

Layyah, Jhelum and Khushab SSPs 6 Kanals each

Toba Tek Singh and Rawalpindi SSPs 5 Kanals each

Now you can imagine that why election will not be yours. Of course you will win when you are caring your big shots, Bureaucracy, IG DIG SSP Commissioners and Deputy Commissioners then Election Result cent percent will be in your hand, Said seasoned political Analyst.

Oct 25, 2018

Crumbled & collapsed Public Sector Corporations; Utility Stores Corporation - Pakistan Steel Mill & PIA

The Utility Stores Corporation [USC] is embroiled in financial irregularities and had become a loss-making corporation instead generating income for the govt.

Not only USC but almost State Owned Entities [SOEs] or Public Sector Enterprises [PSEs] are rattling, taking its last breath and running in extreme losses since decades though the subsequent government kept its wheel running through handsome subsidies [ventilator support] but it is vivid that PSEs are no more profitable for the govt. & critically facing conspicuous loss.

The example of Pakistan International Airline [PIA] & Pakistan Steel Mills [PSM] are before us where these two SOEs have collapsed, it is running on losses & even unable to generate salaries for their own employees rather rely on govt. fund to disburse the salary – The govt. since long running these sick units on bailout package as their losses continue to mount.
Public sector participation in the market has evolved over the years, with only 12 companies at the time of independence to 257 companies in late 1980’s.

However, in the past two decades, disinvestment and deregulation promoted greater private sector participation through a reduction in state owned entities at Federal Government level which now stands at 190

There are 190 PSEs where only few generating revenues otherwise majority has lost its strength and that’s only being aided or pumped through hefty subsidies otherwise it’s a complete disaster on the part of PSEs own productivity.

The Utility Store Corporation provides daily use items to the poor and low-income people at discounted rates. It has 5,500 retail outlets across Pakistan with 14,500 employees.
According to reports, the USC faced a loss to the tune of Rs1.36 billion during the first quarter of the current financial year 2017-18
with negative equity of Rs1.808 billion and outstanding payments of Rs5.6 billion to vendors who has stopped supplying goods to the utility stores because of nonpayment of outstanding dues.

The Utility Store Corporation in 2010-11 earned Rs843.19 million whereas subsidy stood at Rs8.9 billion in order to provide commodities for consumers at concessionary rates. Its profit dropped to Rs775.28 million in 2011-12, but the subsidy rose to Rs12.4 billion.

Its profit jumped to Rs1.399 billion in 2012-13 and subsidy also increased to Rs18.53 billion.

However, when PML-N government came to power in June 2013, USC’s earnings were wiped out and it incurred a loss of Rs202.32 million in 2013-14, subsidy allocation also dropped to Rs12.544 billion - The loss continued to swell reaching Rs3.94 billion in 2016-17. Sales also came down from Rs68.91 billion to Rs57.91 billion.

The Ministry of Industries and Production blamed the nomination of private-sector members on the USC board of directors for the loss, saying they had no experience of working with utility stores - Besides the absence of experience, the appointment of private sector directors on the USC board also proved to be a conflict of interest.

Even though Pakistan People Party [PPP] & Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz [PML-N] government during theirs five years tenure have been boasting about their economic achievements but situation of PSEs have been very gloomy and enfeebling.

Here the Public sector enterprises (PSEs) as a whole have continued to bleed and suffered a cumulative loss of Rs3.746 trillion over that period.

Earlier, during the tenure of PPP administration, the scenario was not favorable either as these PSEs recorded an average loss of Rs400 billion annually.

Seeing that, PML-N party had made reforms in state enterprises a crucial part of its election campaign through a combination of restructuring and privatization - However, after the PML-N took reins of the country in June 2013, losses in PSEs continued to mount, they increased to
Rs495 billion in 2013-14,
Rs570 billion in 2014-15,
Rs712 billion in 2015-16,
Rs862 billion in 2016-17 and
Crossed the trillion mark in 2017-18, recording a huge loss of Rs1.109 trillion.

Here Federal footprint is given below about State owned entities [SOEs] performance for the year 2013-14 enabling the reader to understand that how since decades Public Sector Enterprises or State Owned Entitles have lost their empire and brought nothing for the govt. but remained a constant threat to the economy asking aid to run its business or relying on bailout package.

State Owned Entities (SOEs) fulfill a plethora of socio economic functions through provision of services in strategic sectors where sometimes market system does not find enough incentive to deliver especially in the strategic sectors like Transport, Communication and Public utilities, including but not limited to Energy and Natural resources. Sectors like heavy industries, Banking and Finance, Food and Agriculture also have SOEs presence alongside a vibrant and healthy private sector growth.

SOEs constitute a considerable portion of the country’s macro economy, employing 423,254 people yielding a considerable 5.5% contribution in non-tax revenue in the form of dividends, with a significant asset base worth Rs 9,633 billion, with a turnover of Rs 5,257 billion contributing a 20.7% to the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) - almost as important as the agriculture sector contributing 21% to GDP - It is therefore of immense importance to understand the contributions of SOEs to the national economy over the years.

SOEs are further classified into seven sectors namely; Energy, Financial, Industrial & Engineering, Trading, Services, Promotional & Advocacy and Transportation. It is a directory of the complex network of SOEs, enabling an aerial view of Federal Government’s footprint in the national economy.

If we do administrative snapshots of SOEs there are 190 units [stated above], working under the domain of govt. where Public sector companies has 175 including 78 that is subsidized by the govt.

Development Finance institutions [DFIs] has 8 units whereas Federal authorities has 7 – Commercial is categorized into 130 where 66 runs under subsidy – Noncommercial has 45 units including 12 subsidy - Under the Companies ordinance there are 123 units with 66 subsidized – Under special Enactment is 7 while under section 42 there is 43.
In short FY 2013-14 SOEs in brief – No. of entities 190 where PSCs were 175 – Commercial 130 – non Commercial 45 – DFIs 8 & Authorities 7 – No. of employees FY 2013-14 were 423,245 whereas FY 2012-13 were 429,356.

In terms of Net profit & according to report published FY 2012-13 & 2013-14 – Only 10 units produced well such as OGDCL – NTDC – PPL – FESCO – GHPL – LESCO – PARCO – PSO – MEPCO & IESCO while top 10 loss-making PSCs were PIA – PESCO – PSM – SEPCO – HESCO – QESCO – TESCO – GENCO III NPGCL – GENCO IICPGCL – GENCO IV LPGCL - It means 180 units out of 190 were running in loss except 10 were generating revenues for the govt.

The reason of vulnerability of major Public Sector corporations were extreme intervention of Political Parties – Union involvement whether its staff or officers associations – Political appointments – killing merit criteria while recruiting – heightening nepotism and favoritism that caused to convulse the entire setup and now its staff crying not to kick them out but regularize.

Regularize them for what the entire Utility Store Corporation has been collapsed - why and how to keep 14000 staff in 5000 Utility Store Corporation [across the country] - who will feed them and for how long?, said a seasoned economic analyst

If the USC has closed its production no more worth full and efficient giving consecutive loss then why to keep staff - Close or windup the Units and induct the staff on merit in other department where their services can be utilized otherwise give them ‘’Golden shake hand’’ & close the entity.

If the govt. serious to uplift the sick units the first thing they have to do is to
a)  Stop Bailout package to run the ‘’SICK-UNITS’’ those have already lost its strength
b)  Retrench staff by introducing ‘’GOLDEN SHAKE HAND’’ scheme instead to feed as unit is no more worth full or able to run - has been dysfunctional – why to get loan and pay salary for what? Unnecessary giving load to national exchequer
c)   Bar and ban trade-union completely – no laxity any more - PIA & PSM became the victim of rising Union-hold in administrative matter & their undue pressures ….GUNDA GARDEE – hijacking the management etc.
d)  Check all the recruited staff their merit for the position they hold
e)   Get their certificate verified from the Higher education    
f)    Check the ghost employees
g)  Whoever close to retirement age, send them on force retirement
h)  Whose service has been more than 20 years ask them to take ‘’Golden shake hand scheme’’ otherwise terminate them with the only reasons that unit is sick and going to shutdown
i)     Take a onetime load and close all sick units why to run on bailout package as it implicates it’s a sick units.
j)    No need to take loan to disburse salary for the ‘’SICK UNITS’’ which is not functional or has closed its production
k)  After doing such exercise if seem to revive the unit, go ahead with low percentage of staff not an army on merit – no political support
l)    Immediately stop medical facility that is being misused or reduce its volume in terms of staff family and their parents
m)Revise the perk avoiding of more burden on entity set up
n)  Hire new and young highly technical and professional team instead to feed the old and tired personnel who has been on role since decades
o)   Take drastic action whoever goes against company policy

These are the measure that’s need to introduce immediately instead to get more burden on national treasury and nursing who are adding no value but just sitting like Pakistan Steel Mill & PIA an unending burden to the govt.

Speak Chinese team to buy the unit and merge the staff or sell out and leave on their discretion.

Image result for image of pakistan steel millWhat was the reason why Pakistan Steel Mills [PSM] collapsed?
During the tenure of Pervez Musharraf Pakistan Steel Mills was grooming well & identifying as a profitable entity in the country producing a sizeable profit? It had notched up cumulative profit of Rs9.54 billion up to financial year 2007-08

But it is PPP & PML-N govt. who separately had been in power from 2008 to 2018, failed to efficiently run PSM a mammoth and giant industry as its financial condition deteriorated persistently over the years and now it has completely been collapsed tuning it losses Rs200 billion.

Since PPP came into power PSM started crumbling from 2008. A major reason behind the mill’s failure was thousands of new appointments made by the PPP government.

PSM’s manpower requirement could be met by 9,000 employees, but their number reached 17,000, putting additional burden on the Steel Mill steel that’s became the crux and curse for PSM disaster.

Another main reason was serious Unionism interference, disabling management to work smoothly, Unending Political influences, impending Labor strikes and impasse obstructed to continue its production that suffer losses since 2009

PSM recorded a loss of Rs16.9 billion in 2008-09, which jumped to Rs118.7 billion in five years. When the PML-N government came to power, PSM’s loss continued to swell and reached Rs200 billion at the end of its tenure on May 31, 2018.

Image result for image of PIAPIA is also other PSCs that is suffering with losses – the reason behind is the same as PSM - due to condensed political influences, appointment not on merit, extreme unionism interference, regular strike and deadlock & unmanageable nepotism and favoritism caused to swamp PIA.  

On annual basis, a gigantic loss of Rs650 billion is being borne by the government.

A country with massive budget deficit is unable to feed these institutions whose performance has been marred by nepotism, corruption, political interference, unionism & mismanagement etc.
PIA informed the Supreme Court that it had accumulated losses of Rs356 billion with total liabilities amounting to Rs406 billion against assets of only Rs111 billion.